Original Research Article

IMPLEMENTATION OF DISCRETION OF GOVERNMENT OFFICERS TO OVERCOME COVID-19 IN GOVERNMENT PROVINCE IN MALUKU PROVINCE

GARCIANO NIRAHUA, RONNY SOPLANTILA, E. M. NIRAHUA SALMON

Journal of Global Research in Education and Social Science, Volume 15, Issue 1, Page 1-7

The President of the Republic of Indonesia issued Presidential Decree No.11 of 2020 concerning the Determination of Public Health Emergencies for Corona Virus Disease 2019 (Covid-19), and therefore Indonesia is included in the category of Non-Natural Disasters, so that Government Officials can use discretion in the administration of the government during the Covid-19 pandemic to overcome government stagnation as a result of Covid-19 in Indonesia, including Maluku Province in accordance with the provisions in Law Number 30 of 2014. Legal facts prove that the use of discretion in governance in Maluku Province during the Covid-19 Pandemic has been in accordance with the objectives and requirements of discretion and uses the principles of good governance so that Good Governance is created in governance. This research uses the type of normative legal research, normative legal research is carried out to examine legal concepts related to regulations in the laws governing the use of discretion during the Covid-19 pandemic, and is assisted by empirical research to obtain field data on 3 (three) location of governance which includes Ambon City Government, Aru Islands Regency Government, and Pattimura University. The results show that the regional government and the Central Government have implemented discretionary authority in accordance with the terms of discretionary objectives to overcome Covid-19 both in issuing Regelling and Beschikking as well as diverting the 2020 Fiscal Year Budget so that the Covid-19 response can be overcome. Government Administration in overcoming Covid-19 with Government Discretionary Actions in relation to handling Covid 19 has not yet used the principles of good governance, so that good governance in government administration is not created during the handling of Covid-19. Recommendations to the government, namely the use of government discretion to tackle Covid-19 as a non-natural disaster, must still refer to Law Number 30 of 2014 regarding the nature, objectives and requirements of discretion. A further recommendation is that the use of discretion must use legality principles and general principles of government as a reference for government administration in tackling Covid-19 in Maluku Province.

Original Research Article

DEVELOPING FRENCH TEACHING METHOD BASED ON GOOGLE CLASSROOM FOR CLASS XI AT SMA NEGERI 21 MEDAN

NURIATY PRASETYA LUBIS, JUNITA FRISKA, . ZULHERMAN

Journal of Global Research in Education and Social Science, Volume 15, Issue 1, Page 8-15

This is a development research using Borg & Gall’s (2005) method, aimed at determining the process and efficiency of E-learning media on the basis of Google Classroom. The method to analyze data uses qualitative technique. All data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistical techniques that were expressed in the distribution of scores and scale categories. The learning process involves five phases, such as analysis, design, development, implementation and evaluation. The validation results are noted to 77.95% (good) in average and the Google Classroom learning media shows 77.72% (good). The data description proves that the tests consists of data from the results being used by the teacher and the average is 81.06% (very good). The data on the result of media use by high school students taken from individual test is noted to reach 87.3% (very good) in average; the small group test shows 89% (very good) in average and the test of limited trial is 91.7% (very good) in average. The average value of learning outcomes using Google Classroom had the highest post-test score of 100.00, better than the highest pre-test score of 77,00.

Original Research Article

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND SECURITY CHALLENGES IN THE LAKE CHAD BASIN

BENJAMIN ISAH, SOLOMON WASH BITRUS

Journal of Global Research in Education and Social Science, Volume 15, Issue 1, Page 16-23

Lake Chad Basin is one of the most important basin in the Sub-Saharan Africa due to its economic potentialities. But the basin has suffered a lot of setback due to both human and climatic factors. The basin was depleted to about 90% of its original size. The basin as also faced with the problem of insecurity which has contributed immensely to the economic activities of the area. This study centered on the economic development and security challenges of the Lake Chad Basin. The paper stressed that due to insecurity caused by conflict (Boko Haram activities), climate and environmental factors which have their remote causes from socio-political and economic factors: economic activities were halted, no investors are willing to invest in the region and this has tempered with the economic development of the area. The paper adopted social identity theory to explain the major cause of insecurity in the Lake Chad basin. It further conceptualized the basic concepts in the paper. And finally it provided some ways in which insecurity could be managed so as to enhance economic development of the Lake Chad Basin.

Original Research Article

WHAT IS THE NATURE OF STRESS IN HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS IN GHANA? THE PERSPECTIVE OF WORKERS

AYISHA AHMED AZUMAH, SAFURA MOHAMMED, AMA KYEREWAA BOAKYE-Nti

Journal of Global Research in Education and Social Science, Volume 15, Issue 1, Page 24-33

The main purpose of the research was to investigate the prevalence causes and the consequences of job-related stress among higher university workers. The sample size was 100 workers selected using a convenience sampling method. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics such as mean, and presented in Tables. The findings show that there is a high prevalence of job-related stress among the respondents in the survey, with various causes as well as consequences. Management of higher institutions should consider the findings of the current study in dealing with stress management to ensure higher productivity in higher institutions. Various policies should be put in place to deal with the causes of stress and to avoid the negative consequences identified in the survey.

Original Research Article

DEVELOPMENT ANALYSIS OF TRANSDISCIPLINARY-BASED CHARACTER EDUCATION

SAIFUL AKHYAR LUBIS, RUSYDI ANANDA, A. ZEBAR

Journal of Global Research in Education and Social Science, Volume 15, Issue 1, Page 34-42

Many studies on character education are found from various perspectives in the research report, especially from local wisdom, but only few see it from the perspective of science and Islamic integration. This research analyzes the application of transdisciplinary-based character education models with the integration of character education concepts from a science and Islamic perspective. Before being implemented in learning, this research has successfully designed the Teacher’s books and the Student’s books that have been validated by experts thus design, materials and languages experts who declared that they are feasible and effective to be used in learning process. The research findings show: (1) the developing learning design for transdisciplinary-based character education consisted of five stages, namely: the initial study stage, the pre-development stage, the product development stage, the product trial stage and the final product stage, (2) the feasibility of the teacher’s book of learning design product of Transdisciplinary-based Character Education conducted by design experts, content experts and language expert with 85 categories is very feasible, while the feasibility of student book with 86 categories is very feasible.