ANALYZING THE PERFORMANCE OF A SPRINKLER IRRIGATION SYSTEM UNDER DIFFERENT OPERATING CONDIT

Main Article Content

S. M. SHAABAN
H. M. MEHANNA
A. A. ABDEL-AZIZ
K. F. ELBAGOURY
M. G. ALASHRAM

Abstract

Lack of water due to low participation and the drought are the main problems in arid region reasons. An experiment has been conducted to evaluate the performance of sprinkler irrigation system under different conditions of operation under sandy soil at the National Research Center's Farm, El-Nubaria, El-Beheira Governorate, Egypt. Some operating conditions were chosen to be the experimental treatment as the following: 1. distance between sprinklers (12 X 12m, 15 X15 m and 18 X 18m), operating pressure head (2, 3 and 4 bar), under three soil slopes (app. 0, 1.7% and 2.2%). Results indicated that the distance between sprinklers 12 x 12m, 4 bar operating pressure head under 1.7% field soil slope were the best field conditions to obtain the highest and acceptable values of CU (uniformity coefficient), CV (coefficient of variation), and DU (distribution uniformity). Moreover CU, CV, and DU are good indicators for the good performance of sprinkler irrigation system.

Keywords:
Sprinkler irrigation system, coefficient of uniformity, distribution uniformity, coefficient of variation, soil slope

Article Details

How to Cite
SHAABAN, S. M., MEHANNA, H. M., ABDEL-AZIZ, A. A., ELBAGOURY, K. F., & ALASHRAM, M. G. (2021). ANALYZING THE PERFORMANCE OF A SPRINKLER IRRIGATION SYSTEM UNDER DIFFERENT OPERATING CONDIT. PLANT CELL BIOTECHNOLOGY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, 22(65-66), 81-87. Retrieved from https://www.ikprress.org/index.php/PCBMB/article/view/7158
Section
Original Research Article

References

Hanson B. Irrigation system design and management: implications for efficient nutrient use. Western Nutrient Management Conference, Salt Lake City, UT. 2005;6:38-45.

Haman DZ, Smajstrla AG, Pitts DJ. Uniformity of sprinkler and micro irrigation systems for nurseries. Florida Cooperative Extension Service University of Florida, BUL 321; 2003.

Griffiths B, Lecler N. Irrigation system evaluation. Proc. S. Afr. Sug. Technol. Ass.2001;75:58-67.

Solomon KH. Irrigation systems and water application efficiencies. Centre for Irrigation Technology, Irrigation Notes. California State University, Fresno, California 93740-0018, USA; 1998.

Keller J, Bliesner RD. Sprinkle and Trickle Irrigation. AVI Book. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York; 1990.

Younesi1 A, Bahmani O, Sedghi1 H. Technical evaluation of efficiency and uniformity coefficients for sprinkler irrigation systems in Hamedan-Iran.Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences. 2015;5(51):827-833.

Ortíz JN, De Juan JA, Tarjuelo JM. Analysis of water application uniformity from a center pivot irrigator and its effect on sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) yield. Biosyst. Eng.2010;105:367 379.

Snedecor GW, Cochran WG. Statistical Analysis 8th Ed. Iowa State Univ., Iowa, USA; 1990.

Dechmi F, Playan E, Cavero E, Faci J, Martinez-Cob A. Wind effects on solid set sprinkler irrigation depth and yield of maize (Zea mays). Irrigation Sci.2003;22(2):67-77.

Dukes MD. Effect of wind speed and pressure on linear move irrigation system uniformity. Appl. Eng. Agric.2006;22(4):541-548.

ASAE.Test procedure for determining the uniformity of water distribution of center pivot and lateral move irrigation machines equipped with spray or sprinkler nozzles. ANSI/ASAE Standard S436.1, American Society of Agricultural Engineers, St. Joseph, Mich; 2001.

IA, Landscape irrigation scheduling and water management. Irrigation Association Water Management Committee, Falls Church, VA. 2005;190.

Warrick AW, Yitayew M. Trickle lateral hydraulics. I: Analytical solution. J. Irrig. and Drain. Eng., ASCE. 1988;114(2):281-288.

Li J, Li B, Rao M. Spatial and temporal distributions of nitrogen and crop yield as affected by nonuniformity of sprinkler irrigation. Agricultural Water Management. 2005;76(3):160-180.

Sarwar A, Troy RP, Mehanna HM, Amini MZ, Zakaria AM. Evaluating water application efficiency of low and mid elevation spray application under changing weather conditions. Agricultural Water Management. 2019;221:84-91.