Adansonia digitata: A MYTHOLOGICAL TREE HAS SEVERAL NUTRITIONAL AND MEDICINAL PROPERTIES

Main Article Content

CHHAVI GOEL
RAJIV DUTTA

Abstract

Adansonia digitata belongs to the Bombacaceae family and is generally known as the African baobab and is called ‘kalpvriksha’ in Indian mythology. Also known as kalpataru, kalpadruma or kalpapādapa, is a wish-fulfilling divine tree in Indian-origin religions, namely Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism. It is a massive tree up to 20-25 meters long and 9 meters in diameter and lives in natural habitat for hundreds of years. Since it absorbs huge quantities of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, therefore, it is called queen of carbon storage. Baobab is strongly anchored in the soil by an extensive and strong root system that grows 2 meters deep, and the diameter may be higher than the tree height. The fruit pulp, seeds, leaves, flowers, roots, and bark of baobab are edible and they have been studied by scientists for their useful and medicinal properties thus exploited for human welfare. The fruit pulp have very high vitamin C, calcium, phosphorus, carbohydrates, fibers, potassium, proteins and lipids content, which can be used in seasoning as an appetizer and also make juices. Seeds contain appreciable quantities of phosphorus, magnesium, zinc, calcium, sodium, iron, manganese, as well they have high levels of lysine and thiamine. Baobab has numerous biological properties including antimicrobial, anti-malarial, diarrhea, anemia, asthma, antiviral, anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities amongst others. Phytochemical investigation tells the presence of flavonoids, steroids, phytosterols, epicatechin, campesterol, Tocopherol, adansonin, amino acids, fatty acids, vitamins and minerals. The trunk of the tree can absorb 1000 liters of water  and swell during rainy season. The parts of the plant are used in the treatment of bronchial asthma, dermatitis, sickle cell anemia, diuretic, anti-diabetic, diarrhea, dysentery, laxative, hiccough in children, anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, antidote for poison, anti-trypanosome. This article summarizes the review of pharmacognostical, phytochemical, pharmacological activity.

Keywords:
Phytochemicals, pharmacological, antioxidant, therapeutic

Article Details

How to Cite
GOEL, C., & DUTTA, R. (2021). Adansonia digitata: A MYTHOLOGICAL TREE HAS SEVERAL NUTRITIONAL AND MEDICINAL PROPERTIES. PLANT CELL BIOTECHNOLOGY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, 22(57-58), 16-20. Retrieved from https://www.ikprress.org/index.php/PCBMB/article/view/7066
Section
Review Article

References

Sankaranarayanan S, Bamal P, Ramachandran J, Kalaichelvan PT, Deccaramanl M, Vijayalakshimil M, et al. Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by traditional users in Villupuram district of Tamil Nadu, India. J Med Plant Res. 2010;4(12):1089-1101.

Kamatou GPP, Vermaak Vilijoen AM. An updated review of Adansonia digitata: A commercially important African tree. South African journal of Botany. 2011;77:908-919.

Chevalier A. [The baobabs (Adansonia) in Africa continental]. Bulletin of the Botanical Society of France. French. 1906;53:480-496.

Salim AS, Simons AJ, Orwa C, Chege J, Owuor B, Mutua A. Adansonia digitata. Agroforestree database a tree species reference and selection guide. Nairobi: International Centre for Research in Agroforestry; 2012.

EL Amin HM. Tree and shrubs of the Sudan. Ithaca press, UK, ISBN 0863721168; 1990.

Sidibe M, Williams JT. Baobab, Adansonia digitata. Southampton: International Centre for Underutilised Crops; 2002.

Wickens GE. The baobab: Africa’s upside-down tree. Kew Bulletin. 1982;37(2):173-209.

Ernest Small. Top 100 exotic food plants. CRC Press Taylor & Francis group Boca Raton London, New York. 2012:67-72.

Yihunie Jung-Ah Kim, Eunhee Park, Ye-Jung Kim, Negussie Rett, Gulelat Dessie. A methanol extract of Adansonia digitata l. Leaves Inhibits Proinflammatory Inos Possibly via the Inhibition of NF-KB Activation. Biomolecules and Therapeutics. 2013;21(2):146-152.

Sidibe M, Williams JT. Baobab. Adansonia digitata L. Southampton: International Centre for Underutilised Crops University of Southampton; 2002.

Chadare FJ. Baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) foods from Benin: composition, processing and quality. Wageningen: Wageningen University; 2010.

Diop PA, Franck D, Grimm P, Hasselmann C. High-performance liquid chromatographic determination of vitamin C in fresh fruits from West Africa. J Food Compost Anal. 1988;1:265-269.

Nzikou JM, Mvoula-Tsiéri M, Pambou-Tobi NPG, Ndangui CB, Kimbonguila A, Silou T, et al. Proximate composition and physicochemicalcharacteristics of seed and seed oil from Terminalia catappa L and the kinetics of degradation of the oil during heating. Aust J Basic Appl Sci. 2010;4(7):2039-2047.

Nguta JM, Mbaria JM, Gakuya DW, Gathumbi PK, Kiama SG. Antimalarial herbal remedies of Msambweni, Kenya. J Ethnopharmacol. 2010;128:424-432.

El-Rawy EM, Gergis SM, Bazaid S, El-Mougy SA. The immune stimulant effect of Adansonia digitata on the immune response of chicken vaccinated with avian cholera vaccine. J Egypt Vet Med Assoc. 1997;57:959-970.

Vertuani S, Braccioli E, Buzzoni V, Manfredini S. Antioxidant capacity of Adansonia digitata fruit pulp and leaves. Acta Phytotherapeutica. 2002;5:2-7.

Chadare FJ. Baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) foods from Benin: composition, processing and quality. Wageningen: Wageningen University; 2010.

Kirubha Nagavalli TSV, Hemalatha D, Karunambigai S. Medicinal and aromatic plant abstract diuretic activity of the extracts of Adansonia digitata leaves. Hamdard Medicine. 2006;49(4):53-54.

Yusha M, Hamza MM, Abdullahi N. Anti bacterial activity of Adansonia digitata stem bark extracts on some clinical bacterial isolates. International Journal of Biomedical and Health Sciences. 2010;6(3):129-134.

Tanko Y, Yerima M, Mahtdi MA, Yaro AH, Musa KY, Mohammed A. Hypoglycemic activity of methanolic stem bark Of Adansonia digitata extract on glucose levels of streptozocin-induced diabetic wistar rats. Inter National Journal Of Applied Research In Natural Products. 2008;1(2):32-36.

Thiyagarajan V. Pharmacognostical, phytochemical pharmacological studies on seeds of Adansonia digitata Linn., Department Of Pharmacognosy. College Of Pharmacy, Madras Medical College, Chennai-3.

Singh Sugandha, Parasharami Varsha, Rai Shashi. Medicinal uses of Adansonia digitata: An endangered tree species. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Scientific Innovation. 2013;2(3):14-16.

Nguimbou Richard Marcel, Fomekong Guy Christian, Deli Markusse, Tsague Marthe Valentine, et al. Enhancing the quality of overripe plantain powder by adding superfine fractions of Adansonia digitata L. pulp and Hibiscus sabdariffa L. calyces: characterization and antioxidant activity assessment, SN Applied Sciences. 2020;2:1832.