PROXIMATE ANALYSIS AND PHYTOCHEMISTRY OF DIFFERENT PLANT PARTS OF Myrica esculenta EXTRACTS

Main Article Content

HARISH SHAH
ARIF NASEER
NILESH GUPTA
S. M. PATIL
SUSHIL KUMAR UPADHYAY
RAJ SINGH

Abstract

The study aimed to determine physicochemical properties and phytochemistry of Myrica esculenta Linn. The extraction was performed with different plant parts of M. esculenta including leaves, seed, root, stem and bark. The physicochemical analysis of M. esculenta extracts was done to evaluate moisture contents, alcohol soluble extractive value, etc. The extracts were subjected to phytochemistry to determine the presence of secondary metabolites. The percentage yield was highest with the methanolic extract of M. esculenta bark i.e. 23.6%. The extract was brown and semisolid. Results of the physicochemical analysis showed that the percentage of alcohol and water-soluble extractives were higher in leaf (35.3%) and stem (24.8%) of M. esculenta extract, respectively. However, moisture content and acid insoluble ash were highest in stem (9.93%) and bark (1.5%) of M. esculenta extract, respectively. Photochemical investigation of different extracts of M. esculenta exhibited the presence of alkaloids, glycosides, tannins, carbohydrates, saponins and flavonoids. The plant is very useful for the treatment of ulcers, anaemia, pyrexia, diarrhoea, cough and ENT infections. Thus, investigation of different plants parts of M. esculenta extracts may be very helpful for further research.  

Keywords:
Qualitative analysis, ash value, moisture content, Myrica esculenta, phytochemicals

Article Details

How to Cite
SHAH, H., NASEER, A., GUPTA, N., PATIL, S. M., UPADHYAY, S. K., & SINGH, R. (2021). PROXIMATE ANALYSIS AND PHYTOCHEMISTRY OF DIFFERENT PLANT PARTS OF Myrica esculenta EXTRACTS. PLANT CELL BIOTECHNOLOGY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, 22(55-56), 90-102. Retrieved from https://www.ikprress.org/index.php/PCBMB/article/view/7061
Section
Original Research Article

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