Main Article Content
The study aimed to use wastewater from Hamdan and Al-Jamaa stations after biological treatment by removing the two elements of lead by (Staphylococcus aureus) and cadmium with Escherichia coli bacteria isolated from this water. Shatt al-Arab water was used as a comparison. Biologically treated and untreated wastewater in addition to the Shatt al-Arab water was used to irrigate the growing Zea mays plant in pots containing (5) kg of soil taken from Qurna district and fertilized with chemical fertilizer (N, P and K) according to the fertilizer recommendation for Zea mays and after 60 days of growth. The results showed that the percentage of removal of cadmium from the liquid culture media pollutant with cadmium was 29.2% by Escherichia coli bacteria and that the percentage of removal of the element of lead from the culture liquid media pollutant with lead was 67.6% by bacteria Staphylococcus aureus. The highest dry weight of the maize crop was 21.64 g pot-1 using the ALـjamaa wastewater treated with E. coli bacteria, and the highest nitrogen and phosphorous percentage in the maize plant was 4.38 and 0.4164% due to the effect of irrigation with the Hamdan sewage plant treated with Staphylococcus aureus, respectively, and potassium. By 4.183%, the effect of irrigation with water from Hamdan plant treated with E. coli bacteria.
Patel G. Effect of waste irrigation on heavy metal accumulation in soil and its removal by plants doctoral dissertation. JNKVV; 2013.
Gaur N, Flora G, Yadav M, Tiwari A. A review with recent advancements on bioremediation-based abolition of heavy metals. Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts. 2014;16(2):180-193.
Vishan I, Kalamdhad AS.. Heavy metal removal through bacterial biomass isolated from various contaminated sites. International Journal of Environmental Sciences. 2016;7(1):1-18.
Slomy AK, Jasman AK, Kadhim FJ, AL-Taey DKA, Sahib MR. Study impact of some biofactors on the eggplant Solanum melongena L. Vegetative characteristics under glass houses conditions. Int J Agriculure Stat Sci. 2019;15(1):371-374.
Balderian. Interactions of heavy metals with white-rot fungi. Enzym Microb Technol. 2009;32: 78–91
Jatav MK, Kumar M, Trehan SP, Dua VK, Lal SS. Influence of microorganisms inoculation for nutrient economy in potato- radish crop sequence In North Western Himalayas. Int J Agricult Stat Sci. 2011; 7(1):309-316.
Widaa AM, Saeed AB. Impact of using treated wastewater for irrigation on soil chemical properties, plant growth and forage yield. University of Khartoum Journal of Agricultural Science. 2008; 16(1):75-87
AL-Taey DKA, Saadoon AH. Effect of treatment of salicylic acid and water salinity on the growth and nitrate accumulation with nitrate reductase activity in the leaves of spinach, Spenacia oleracea L. Journal of Babylon University, Pure and Applied Sciences. 2014;3(22):1188-1203.
Al-Khafajy RA, AL-Taey DKA, AL-Mohammed MHS.. The impact of Water Quality, Bio fertilizers and Selenium Spraying on some Vegetative and Flowering Growth Parameters of Calendula Officinalis L. under Salinity Stress. Int J Agricult Stat Sci. 2020;16(1):1175-1180.
Hamza O.M. and D. K. A. AL-Taey. A study on the effect of Glutamic acid and benzyl adenine application upon growth and yield parameters and active components of two broccoli hybrids. Int J Agricult Stat Sci. 2020;16(1):1163-1167.
Abdoulkader BA, Mohamed B, Nabil M, Alaoui-Sossé B, Eric C, Aleya L. Wastewater use in agriculture in Djibouti: Effectiveness of sand filtration treatments and impact of wastewater irrigation on growth and yield of Panicum maximum. Ecological Engineering. 2015;84:607-614.
Akponikpe P, Wima K, Yakouba H, Mermoud A. Reuse of domestic wastewater treated in macrophyte ponds to irrigate tomato egg plants in semi-arid west-Africa: benefits and risks. Agr water Manag. 2011;98:834-840.
Standard method for the examination of water and wastewater. American water public health assoc. American Water Works Assoc. New York. 2005;21st ed.
Li W, Jiany Y, Xu L, Lin C. Nocardia alba sp Actinomycete strain isolated from soil in China. Appl Microbiol. 2004;27:308-312.
Qureshi A, Hemant J, Purohit. Isolation of bacteria consortia for degradation of p-nitro phenol from agricultural soil, Ann Appl Biol. 2002;140: 159-162.
Cresser MS, Parsons JW. Sulphuric—Perchloric acid digestion of plant material for the determination of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium and magnesium. Analytica Chimica Acta. 1979; 109(2):431-436.
Page AL, Miller RH, Keeney DR. Methods of soil analysis .Part 2.2nd Ed ASA. Inc Madison Wisconsin, U.S.A; 1982.
Kalita D, Joshi SR. Study on bioremediation of Lead by exopolysaccharide producing metallophilic bacterium isolated from extreme habitat. Biotechnology Reports. 2017;16:48-57.
Küpper H, Küpper F, Spiller M. Environmental relevance of heavy metal-substituted chlorophylls using the example of water plants. Journal of Experimental Botany. 1996;47(2):259-266.
Athar R, Ahmad M. Heavy metal toxicity: effect on plant growth and metal uptake by wheat, and on free living Azotobacter. Water Air and Soil Pollution. 2002;138 (1-4):165-180.
Wu FB, Chen F, Wei K, Zhang GP. Effect of cadmium on free amino acid, glutathione and ascorbic acid concentrations in two barley genotypes (Hordeum vulgare L.) differing in cadmium tolerance. Chemosphere. 2004;57(6):447-454.