STUDY OF THE NUTRITIONAL QUALITY AND GERMINATION CAPACITY OF Cicer arietinum INFESTED BY Callosobruchus maculatus (Fab.)

Main Article Content

AIMAD ALLALI
SANAE REZOUKI
BOUCHRA LOUASTÉ
YAMNA BOUCHELTA
TAHA EL KAMLI
NOUREDDINE ELOUTASSI
MOHAMED FADLI

Abstract

This work focuses on the study of the deterioration caused by the infestation of Callosobruhus maculatus insect pest of chickpea seeds and their consequences on the germination potential and nutritive quality of Cicer arietinum seeds. Mass rearing was carried out for several generations followed by sorting of the seeds into four categories (N0, N1, N2 and N3) according to their degree of infestation. In addition, we performed an analysis of the infestation effect on the germination and nutritional value of the seeds.

The results show that C. maculatus caused deterioration of chickpea seeds by altering several biological parameters. These damages vary according to the severity of the infestation. Seed germination decreases with the degree of infestation until complete annihilation. The same result was obtained for the length of germinating radicles.

The metabolic activities of the insect induce several changes in the seeds biochemical composition. Proteins and lipids increase depending on the severity of infestation, as well as amino acids and polyunsaturated fatty acids. Carbohydrates, dietary fiber, starch and crude cellulose decrease, while glucose and reducing sugars increase.

Depending on the degree of infestation, the proportion of phosphorus and vitamin D increases, while other vitamins and trace elements progressively decrease until exhaustion.

Infestation with C. maculatus causes severe damage to the seed resulting in reduced germination capacity, nutritional quality and commercial value of C. arietinum seeds.

Keywords:
Callosobruchus maculatus, Cicer arietinum, weight loss, germination potential, nutritional quality.

Article Details

How to Cite
ALLALI, A., REZOUKI, S., LOUASTÉ, B., BOUCHELTA, Y., KAMLI, T. E., ELOUTASSI, N., & FADLI, M. (2020). STUDY OF THE NUTRITIONAL QUALITY AND GERMINATION CAPACITY OF Cicer arietinum INFESTED BY Callosobruchus maculatus (Fab.). PLANT CELL BIOTECHNOLOGY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, 21(15-16), 44-56. Retrieved from https://www.ikprress.org/index.php/PCBMB/article/view/5133
Section
Original Research Article

References

Sofi SA, Muzaffar K, Ashraf S, Gupta I, Mir SA. Pois chiches. Dans: Manickavasagan A, Thirunathan P. (Eds) Pulses. Springer, Cham; 2020.

Guéguen J, Walrand S, Bourgeois O. Les protéines végétales: Contexte et potentiels en alimentation humaine, Cahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique. 2016;51:177–185. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cnd.2016.02.001

Rémond D, Walrand S. Les graines de légumineuses: Caractéristiques nutrition-nelles et effets sur la santé. Innovations Agronomiques. 2017;60:133–144.

Kausar R, Bashir MA, Nisar MS, Rehmani MIA, Rehmani MS, Atta S. Eco-Friendly Management of Pulse Beetle (Callosobruchus chinensis) by using different plant materials. Asian J Agri & Biol. 2017;5:99–106.

Frénot M, Vierling E. Biochimie des aliments: Diététique du sujet bien portant, 2ème édition, Doin, Crdp d’Aquitaine; 2002.

ONICL Maroc. Statistiques; 2019. Available:https://www.onicl.org.ma/portail/sites/default/files

Iturralde G, Jesús BF, Francisco J, Cinco M, Jordi R, Carmen L, Del TS, Edgar O, Rueda P, Oliviert MC, Francisco J. Wong C. Effect of controlled atmospheres on the insect Callosobruchus maculatus Fab. in stored chickpea. J. of Stored Products Research. 2016;69:78-85.

El Miziani I, Lhaloui S, Dahan R, El Bouhssini M. Estimates of quantitative and qualitative losses due to Bruchids damage in stored food legumes in Morocco, Revue Marocaine de Protection Des Plantes. 2016; 9:83–99.

Gbaye OA, Millard JC, Holloway GJ. Legume type and temperature effects on the toxicity of insecticide to the genus Callosobruchus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). J Stored Prod Res. 2011;47:8–12.

Huignard J, Glitho IA, Monge JP, Regnault-Roger C. Insectes ravageurs des graines de légumineuses: Biologie des Bruchinae et lutte raisonnée en Afrique, Editions Quae, Versailles Cedes, France; 2011.

Messina FJ, Jones JC. Does rapid adaptation to a poor-quality host by Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) cause cross-adaptation to other legume hosts? J Stored Prod Res. 2009;45:215–219.

Allali A, Rezouki S, Bouchelta Y, Louaste B, Nechad I, Eloutassi N, Fadli M. Effect of host seed species and seed coat on the biological parameters of Callosobruchus maculatus. International Journal of Entomology Research. Article Accepted 5-3-21; 2020.

Hamdi SH, Abidi S, Sfayhi D, Dhraief MZ, Amri M, Boushih E, Hedjal-Chebheb M, Larbi KM, Ben Jemâa JM. Nutritional alterations and damages to stored chickpea in relation with the pest status of Callosobruchus maculatus (Chrysomelidae). Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology. 2017;20:1067–1076.

Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aspen.2017.08.008

Boughdad A. Chapter 6: Pests of food legumes in Morocco. Ecole Nationale d' Agriculture de Meknes (Maroc); 1992.

Elhag EA. Deterrent effects of some botanical products on oviposition of the cowpea bruchid Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). Int J Pest Manag. 2000;46(2):109–113.

Gameroff T, Pommier P. Diagnostic agraire d’une petite région de la plaine du Saiss. Quelles dynamiques agraires à partir de conditions différenciées d’accès à l’eau . Centre de coopération internationale en recherche agronomique pour le développement [CIRAD]; 2012.

Allali A, Rezouki S, Eloutassi N, Louaste B, Bouchelta Y, Fadli M. Insecticidal activity of the powder from Capsicum frutescens (Solanaceae), Lavandula stoechas (Lamiaceae) and Syzygium aromaticum (Myrtaceae) against Callosobruchus maculatus insect pest of chickpea seeds. J. Appl. Sci. Envir. Stud. 2018;1(1):21-27.

Sayar R, Bchini H, Mosbahi M, Khemira H. Response of Durum Wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) growth to salt and drought stresses. Czech Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding. 2010;46:54–63.

Available:https://doi.org/10.17221/85/2009-CJGPB

Lowry OH, Rosebrough NJ, Farr AL, Randall RJ. Protein measurement with the folin phenol reagent. J. Biol. Chem. 1951; 193:265–275.

Tan LUL, Chan MKH, Saddler JN. A modification of the Lowry method for detecting protein in media containing lignocellulosic substrates. Biotechnol Lett. 1984;6:199–204. Available:https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00127039

Miller GL. Use of dinitrosalicylic acid reagent for determination of reducing sugar. Analytical Chemistry. 1959;31:426–428. Available:https://doi.org/10.1021/ac60147a030

Dubois M, Gilles KA, Hamilton JK, Rebers PA, Smith F. Colorimetric method for determination of sugars and related substances analytical chemistry. Analytical Chemistry. 1956;28:350–356.

Available:https://doi.org/10.1021/ac60111a017

AFNOR. Contrôle de la qualité des produits alimentaires AFNOR, DGCCRF Association française de normalisation, 3éme edition, Louis-Jean, Paris; 1991.

Hayma J. The storage of tropical agricultural products, 4th Ed., Agromisa Foundation; 2003.

Afzal I, Jaffar I, Zahid S, Hafeez UR, Shahzad MA. Physiological and biochemical changes during hermetic storage of Moringa oleifera seeds. South African Journal of Botany. 2019;5(22): 1–7. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2019.11.011

Ofuya TI, Reichmuth C. Effect of relative humidity on the susceptibility of Callosobruchus maculatus (Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) to two modified atmospheres. J. of Stored Products Research. 2002;38:139–146.

Boughdad A, Laugé G. Infestation et pertes des graines de Vicia faba L. dues à Bruchus rufimanus Boh. (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) au Maroc. Al Awamia. 1997;97:27–39.

Kiradoo MM, Srivastava MA. Comparative study on the efficacy of two Lamiaceae plants on egg laying performance by the pulse beetle Callosobruchus chinensis Linn. (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). J Biopestic. 2010;3(3):590–595.

Ojimelukwe PC. Changes induced by infestation on some chemical properties of cowpea seeds. Plant Foods Hum. Nutr. 2002;57:129–140. Available:https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1015218715716

Mofunanya AAJ, Namgbe EE. Assessment of Damage Due to Callosobruchus Maculatus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) Infestation on Germination and Nutrient Quality of Vigna Unguiculata L. (Walp), IOSR-JAVS. 2016;9:96-101.

Available:https://doi.org/doi: 10.9790/2380-09120196101

Mofunanya AAJ. Changes in Germination and Biochemical Composition of Phaseolus lunatus (Lima bean) as affected by Acanthoscelides obtectus say infestation. JALSI. 2017;11:1–11.

Available:https://doi.org/10.9734/JALSI/2017/31969

Odejayi A, Banjo AD, Lawal OA. Biochemical analysis of beanweevil infested cowpea flour. Journal of Zoology Studies. 2014;1:19–21.

Bamaiyi LJ, Onu I, Amatobi CI, Dike MC. Effect of Callosobruchus maculatus infestation on nutritional loss on stored cowpea grains archives of phytopathology and plant protection. 2006;39:119– 127. Available:https://doi.org/10.1080/03235400500180743

Mofunanya AAJ. Alterations Induced by Cowpea Weevil Callosobruhus maculatus F. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) infestation on seed germination potential and nutrient quality of Vigna aconitifolia (Jacq.). International Journal of Plant & Soil Science. 2017b;17:1–10.

Available:https://doi.org/10.9734/IJPSS/2017/34265

Owolabi AO, Ndidi US, James BD, Amune FA. Proximate, antinutrient and mineral composition of five varieties (improved and local) of cowpea, Vigna unguiculata, commonly consumed in Samaru community, Zaria-Nigeria. Advance Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2012;4:190.

Sadek JT, Banian M. Effect of the infection of callosobruchus maculatus (Fab.) on the proximate composition of legumes grain. Plant Archives. 2019;19(Supplement 1): 75-77.

Mukendi RK, Ntanga RN, Kaseba SK, Tshiamala N, Kamukenji A, Mpoyi GK. Dégâts des bruches sur le pouvoir germinatif des graines de quatre variétés de Niébé infesté pendant 60 jours à Ngandajika. Journal of Applied Biosciences. 2016;98:9323–9329.

Available:https://doi.org/10.4314/jab.v98i1.8

Chauhan YS, Ghaffar MA. Solar heating of seeds a low cost method to control bruchid (Callosobruchus spp.) attack during storage of pigeonpea. J Stored Prod Res. 2002; 38:87–91.

Subramanyam B, Roesli R. Poussières inertes. Dans: Subramanyam B., Hagstrum DW (eds) Alternatives to Pesticides in Stored-Product IPM. Springer, Boston, MA; 2000.

Khadim Kébé, Nadir Alvarez, Anahí Espíndola. Oviposition choice and larval development of the seed beetle Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Bruchinae) on three cowpea varieties. Journal of Stored Products Research. 2020;86(10):1578.

Allali A, Rezouki S, Louasté B, Touati N, Eloutassi N, Fadli M. Investigation of vegetal bio-insecticides for the stored seeds. international Journal of Botany Studies. 2020;5(3):219-224.

Jackai LEN, Adalla CB. Pest management practices in cowpea: A review. In: Singh BB,Mohan Raj DR, Dashiell KE, Jackai LEN (eds) Advances in cowpea research. IITA/JIRCAS, Ibadan. 1997;240–258.

Zongo S, Ilboudo Z, Waongo A, Gnankiné O, Doumma A, Sembène M, Sanon A. Risques liés à l’utilisation d’insecticides au cours du stockage du niébé (Vigna unguiculata L. walp.), dans la région centrale du Burkina-Faso. Revue CAMES; 2015.

De Jaeger C, Cherin P, Fraoucene N, Voronska E. Place, interest and danger of the phytosanitary products. J. Médecine & Longévité. 2012;2:59-67.

Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mlong.2012.05.004

Sivakumar C, Chandrasekaran S, Vijayaraghavan C, Selvaraj S. Fumigant toxicity of essential oils against pulse beetle, Callosobrucrhus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). J Biopestic. 2010;3(1 Special Issue):317–319.