EFFECT OF RED SPINACH EXTRACT (Amaranthus tricolor L) ALLOTMENT TO INCREASE HAEMOGLOBIN LEVELS OF POLITEKKES FIRST YEAR STUDENTS IN MEDAN

Main Article Content

ARIHTA BR. SEMBIRING
NOVITA ANDRIANI BR. MANJORANG
ROSIANNA BR. SEMBIRING

Abstract

Anemia refers to deficiency of erythrocytes and haemoglobin (Hb) which do not fulfill their function. This study is aimed at measuring the effect of treatment towards respondents having low Hb level by the consumption of red spinach extract (Amaranthus tricolor L) to increase Hb levels. This study is a quasi-experimental design method with pre- and post-test group design. There are 84 female respondents as samples coming from first year from Medan Midwifery Politechnic (or Politekkes Medan in local name). Their Hb levels were checked before they were given the extract. The results show that, based on the statistical test of independent t-test, the percentage reached 95% in confidence level. The average Hb level before administration of red spinach extract was noted to 11.955 g/dL (8.7 g/dL minimum and 13.7 g/dL maximum) and the average Hb level after the extract consumption was about 12,404 g/dL (8.1 g/dL minimum and 16.7 g/dL maximum). It is concluded that red spinach extract can increase the respondents’ Hb levels.

Keywords:
Red spinach, Amaranthus tricolor L, extract, haemoglobin level

Article Details

How to Cite
SEMBIRING, A. B., MANJORANG, N. A. B., & SEMBIRING, R. B. (2021). EFFECT OF RED SPINACH EXTRACT (Amaranthus tricolor L) ALLOTMENT TO INCREASE HAEMOGLOBIN LEVELS OF POLITEKKES FIRST YEAR STUDENTS IN MEDAN. Journal of Medicine and Health Research, 6(2), 24-34. Retrieved from https://www.ikprress.org/index.php/JOMAHR/article/view/7020
Section
Original Research Article

References

Triwinarni C, Hartini TNS, Susilo J. Hubungan status gizi dengan kejadian anemia gizi besi (AGB) pada siswi SMA di Kecamatan Pakem (The relationship between nutritional status and the incidence of iron nutritional anemia (AGB) in high school students in Pakem District). Jurnal Nutrisia. 2017;19(1):61–67.

Indartanti D, Kartini A. Hubungan status gizi dengan kejadian anemia pada remaja putri (Relationship of nutritional status with the incidence of anemia in adolescent girls). Journal of Nutrition College. 2014;3(2):33-39. Available:http://ejournal-s1.undip.ac.id/index.php/jnc.

Dewi SR. Buku ajar keperawatan gerontik (Gerontic nursing textbook). Ed. 1. Yogyakarta: Deepublish; 2014.

Dinkes RI. Profil kesehatan kemenkes RI (Profile of Indonesian Ministry of Health Health). Medan: Dinkes Provinsi Sumatera Utara; 2017.

Kemenkes RI. Riset kesehatan dasar (Basic health research) or RISKESDAS. Jakarta: Balitbang Kemenkes RI; 2013.

Listiana A. Analisis faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian anemia gizi besi pada remaja putri di SMK N 1 Terbanggi Besar Lampung Tengah (Analysis of factors associated with the incidence of iron nutrient anemia in young women at SMK N 1 Terbanggi Besar, Central Lampung). Jurnal Kesehatan. 2016;VII(3):455-469.

Kemenkes RI. Profil kesehatan Indonesia tahun 2014 (Indonesia's health profile in 2014). Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan RI; 2014.

Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Sumatera Utara. Profil kesehatan Provinsi Sumatera Utara tahun 2017 (Health profile of North Sumatra Province in 2017). Medan: Germas (Gerakan Kesehatan Masyarakat); 2018.

Pradiyadnya WRP, Suryani IAM. Anemia defisiensi besi. dalam rangka menjalani kepaniteraan klinik madya di bagian Ilmu Penyakit Dalam RSUP Sanglah Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana Tahun 2017 (Iron deficiency anemia. In order to undertake intermediate clinical clerkship in the Internal Medicine Section of Sanglah Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University in 2017).

Robertus EA. Hubungan antara status gizi dengan tingkat kebugaran jasmani tim futsal putra O2sn SMK Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (The Relationship between nutritional status and physical fitness level of men's futsal team O2sn SMK Yogyakarta Special Region). Yogyakarta: Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta; 2014.

Syaifuddin. Uji aktivitas antioksidan bayam merah (alternanthera amoena voss.) segar dan rebus dengan metode DPPH (1,1 –diphenyl-2-picylhydrazyl) (Antioxidant activity test of fresh and boiled red spinach (alternanthera amoena voss.) using DPPH method (1,1-diphenyl-2-picylhydrazyl).). Skripsi (S-1 thesis). Semarang: Pendidikan Biologi Fakultas Ilmu Tarbiyah dan Keguruan Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo; 2015.

Wiyasihati SI, Wigati KW. Potensi bayam merah (Amaranthus tricolor L) sebagai antioksidan pada toksisitas timbal yang diinduksi pada mencit (The potential of red spinach (Amaranthus tricolor L) as an antioxidant on lead-induced toxicity in mice). Majalah Kedokteran Bandung. 2016;48(2): 2016.

Astuti KHEW, Sugit, Widyastuti AH. Pengaruh konsumsi jus bayam merah terhadap peningkatan kadar Hb pada ibu hamil di Kecamatan Tawangmangu. Jurnal Bidan Prada: Jurnal Ilmiah Kebidanan. 2015;6(1):72-79.

Faridah U, Subiwati, Ayuningrum R. Bayam merah untuk peningkatan kadar hemoglobin remaja putri kelas XII SMK Al-Islam Kudus (Red spinach to increase hemoglobin levels of adolescent girls in class XII SMK Al-Islam Kudus). Jurnal SMART Keperawatan. 2017; 4(1).

Ayu BF, Nurul P, Ibnu F. Ilmu gizi untuk praktis kesehatan (Nutrition science for health practice). Yogyakarta; 2013.

Suega K, Dharmayuda TG, Sutarga IM, Bakta IM. Iron-deficiency anemia in pregnant women in bali, indonesia: a profile of risk factors and epidemiology. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. 2002; 33(3).

Maryana A, Bambang. Peranan gizi dalam siklus kehidupan (The role of nutrition in the life cycle). Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group; 2014.

Dieny FF. Buku ajar permasalahan gizi pada remaja putri (Textbook of nutritional problems in adolescent girls). Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu; 2014.

Saparinto C. Grow your own vegetables: panduan praktis menanam 14 sayuran konsumsi populer di pekarangan (Grow your own vegetables: a practical guide to growing 14 popular consumption vegetables in the yard). Yogyakarta: Penebar Swadaya; 2013.

Sri W. Makanan fungsional (Functional food). Yogyakarta: Garaha Ilmu; 2014.

Budi Sutomo and Dian Kurnia. 378 Resep jus dan ramuan herbal (Recipes for juices and herbal concoctions). Jakarta: Kawan Pustaka; 2016.

Zerlina L. 101 Khasiat selangit buah & sayur (101 exorbitant benefits of fruit & vegetables). Klaten: Galmas Publisher; 2013.

Kristin N and Mey M. Tumbuhan sakti (Magic plant). Jakarta: Dunia sehat; 2013.

Badan Pengawas Obat dan Makanan Republik Indonesia (BPOM RI). Peraturan Kepala Badan Pengawas Obat dan Makanan Republik Indonesia nomor 17 tahun 2014 tentang perubahan atas Peraturan Kepala Badan Pengawas Obat dan Makanan nomor hk.03.1.23.07.11.6662 tahun 2011 tentang persyaratan cemaran mikroba dan logam berat dalam kosmetika (The Food and Drug Supervisory Agency of the Republic of Indonesia (BPOM RI). Regulation of Head of Food and Drug Supervisory Agency of the Republic of Indonesia Number 17 of 2014 concerning Amendments to the Regulation of the Head of the Food and Drug Supervisory Agency Number HK.03.1.23.07.11.6662 of 2011 concerning requirements for microbial and heavy metal contamination in cosmetics). Jakarta: Badan Pengawas Obat dan Makanan Republik Indonesia; 2014.

Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Riset kesehatan dasar (Basic health research) or RISKESDAS 2010. Jakarta: Badan LITBANGKES Kemeterian Kesehatan RI; 2010.

Setiyani R. Manfaat bayam merah (Benefits of red spinach). Jurnal Ilmiah Kebidanan. 2012; 6(1):77.