Main Article Content



The world is facing new pandemic situation due to corona disease infection and adverse effects on whole world as well as on human daily life. The (COVID-19) i.e. the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) responsible for corona disease. In December 2019, several patients from Wuhan, China were admitted with symptoms of pneumonia. After a few weeks, it spread to the many parts of China and a later to other countries of the world causes corona disease. This virus is supposed to get transferred from bat to human and afterward infected human to healthy human in it’s periphery which caused respiratory-related diseases. As this virus is found for very initial time, so no specific medicine is available for such infection; Hence, on the basis of prior symptoms and observations WHO prepared circulated advisory for precautionary measures needed to prevent the contamination and spreading of the disease. Due to most of the countries are affected by COVID-19, it is not only affected humans globally but also affected each and every aspect of life on earth such as science and technology, religion, educational disruption, the lockdown of most of the countries, financial markets, global economy, entertainment industries, unemployment, transportation, global tourism etc.

COVID-19, coronavirus, precautions, effects

Article Details

How to Cite
SHIRSATH, N. B., & PATIL, R. S. (2021). A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW ON NOVEL CORONAVIRUS (COVID-19): KEYS TO ORIGIN, SYMPTOMS, AND PRECAUTIONS. Journal of Medicine and Health Research, 6(2), 17-23. Retrieved from https://www.ikprress.org/index.php/JOMAHR/article/view/6974
Systematic Reviews


Available:https://www.indiatoday.in/science/story/coronavirus-2019-ncov-origin-symptoms-precautions-complete-guide-1640812-2020-01-28 Available:wikimili.com, https://www.indiatoday.in/)

Available:https://www.who.int/health-topics/coronavirus/who-recommendations-to-reduce-risk-of-transmission-of-emerging-pathogens-from-animals-to-humans-in-live-animal-markets Available:www.indiatoday.in, https://www.indiatoday.in/ Available:www.cdc.gov, https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/symptomstesting/symptoms.html)

David AJ, Tyrrell and Steven H Myint. Coronaviruses, Medical Microbiology- 4th edition, Baron S, editor. Galveston (TX): University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston; 1996.

World Health Organization. Naming the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and the virus that causes it. World Health Organization; 2020. Available:https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/technical-guidance/naming-the-coronavirus-disease-(covid-2019)-and-the-virus-that-causes-it.

Estes MK, Kang G, Zeng CQY, Crawford SE, Ciarlet M. Pathogenesis of rotavirus gastroenteritis, In Novartis Foundation Symposium Chichester, New York, John Wiley. 2001;82-100.

Singhal Tanu. A review of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). Indian J. Pediatr. 2020;1-6.

Fung Sing, Ding Xiang Liu. Human Coronavirus: Host-Pathogen Interaction. Annu Rev Microbiol. 2019;73 529-557.

Denison Mark R. Coronavirus research: Keys to diagnosis, treatment and prevention of SARS. In Learning from SARS: Preparing for the Next Disease Outbreak: Workshop Summary, National Academies Press. 2004;149-158.

Lai Chih-Cheng, et al. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and corona virus disease-2019 (COVID-19): the epidemic and the challenges, Int. J. Antimicrob. Agents. 2020;105924-105932. Available:Blog.vfast.in, http://blog.vfast.in/)

Yen-Chin Liu, Rei-Lin Kuo, Shin-Ru Shih. COVID-19: The first documented coronavirus pandemic in history. Biomedical Journal. 2020;328-333.

Muhammad Adnan Shereen et al. COVID-19 infection: Emergence, transmission, and characteristics of human coronaviruses. Journal of Advanced Research. 2020;24 91-98.

Nicola D, Alessio L. Novel human coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2): A lesson from animal coronaviruses. Veterinary Microbiology. 2020;244:1-18.

Edward H. Livingston. Necessity of 2 Doses of the Pfizer and Moderna COVID-19 Vaccines; 2021.

Yuxin Yan, Woo In Shin, Yoong Xin Pang, Jianchen Lai, Chong You, Haitao Zhao, Edward Lester, Tao Wu, Cheng Heng Pang. The first 75 days of novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) outbreak: Recent advances, prevention and treatment. MDPI Journal. 2020;17.

Weiss Susan R, Sonia Navas-Martin. Coronavirus pathogenesis and the emerging pathogen severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus, Microbiol. Mol. Biol. Rev. 2005;635-664.

Brian DA, Baric RS. Coronavirus genome structure and replication. In Coronavirus replication and reverse genetics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. 2005;1-30.

Chinazzi Matteo et al. The effect of travel restrictions on the spread of the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak. Science. 2020;1282-1269.