FORAGE BIOMASS YIELD PERFORMANCE OF RHODES GRASS (Chloris gayana) ACCESSIONS IN BENISHNGUL-GUMUZ REGION OF WESTERN ETHIOPIA

Main Article Content

MULISA FAJI
ALEMEYEHU ABEBE
KEDIJA AHMED

Abstract

The experiment was conducted at Kamashi and Assosa forage research stations of Assosa Agricultural Research Center to evaluate the forage yield performance of five chloris gayana accessions under low and mid-altitude agro-ecologies. Kamashi and Assosa were representing low and mid-altitude agro-ecologies respectively. The study was conducted in randomized complete block design with three replications. Plant height at forage harvesting, days to forage harvest, forage dry matter yield, and leaf to stem ratio were significantly (P < 0.001) different among the testing agro-ecologies. The highest plant height at forage harvesting and forage dry matter yield was obtained from Kamashi and leaf to stem ratio from Assosa testing environment. Genotype was significantly (P < 0.001) affected plant height, days to forage harvest, and leaf to stem ratio. Plant height was significantly (P < 0.05) affected by the interaction of genotype and environment. The result of a combined analysis indicated that the days to forage harvest was significantly (P < 0.001) affected by genotype. While days to forage harvest was significantly (P < 0.001) different among the tested genotypes at both testing environment and C. gayana cv., massaba, was early maturing than the others tested Chloris gyana accessions at both locations. In conclusion the plant height, dry matter yield, leaf to stem ratio and days to maturity of C. gayana is affected by agro-ecology.

Keywords:
Agro-ecologies, aoosa, environment, genotype

Article Details

How to Cite
FAJI, M., ABEBE, A., & AHMED, K. (2021). FORAGE BIOMASS YIELD PERFORMANCE OF RHODES GRASS (Chloris gayana) ACCESSIONS IN BENISHNGUL-GUMUZ REGION OF WESTERN ETHIOPIA. Journal of Global Ecology and Environment, 13(4), 35-41. Retrieved from https://www.ikprress.org/index.php/JOGEE/article/view/7155
Section
Original Research Article

References

Adugna T, Alemu, Y, Dawit A. Livestock feed resources in Ethiopia: Challenges; Opportunities and the Need for Transformation; Ethiopian Animal Feed Industry Association: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 2012.

Selamawit D, Yeshambel M, Bimrew A. Assessment of livestock production system and feed balance in watersheds of North Achefer District, Ethiopia. J. Agric. Environ. Int. Dev. 2017;111:159–174.

Dawit A, Ajebu N, Sandip B. Assessment of feed resource availability and livestock production constraints in selected Kebeles of Adami Tullu Jiddo Kombolcha District; Ethiopia. Afr. J. Agric. Res. 2013;8:4067–4073.

Belay Duguma, Geert PJ. Janssens. Assessment of livestock feed resources and coping strategies with dry season feed scarcity in mixed crop–livestock farming systems around the gilgel gibe catchment, Southwest Ethiopia. Sustainability. 2021;13(19):10713. DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910713

Zinash Sileshi, Seyoum Bediye. Utilization of feed resources and feeding systems in the central zone of Ethiopia. In: IAR proceedings. Third national livestock improvement conference, 24-26 May 1989, Addis Abeba, Ethiopia.

Misganaw Walie, Wondmeneh Mekonnen, Biyadglegne Hunegnaw, Agraw Amane, Likawent Yeheyis. Adaptation and Yield Performance of Different Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) Varieties in West Gojjam, Ethiopia. Proceeding of the 9th Annual Regional Conference on Completed Livestock Research Activities; 2016.

Ponsens J, Hanson J, Schellberg J, Moeseler BM. Characterization of phenotypic diversity, yield and response to drought stress in a collection of Rhodes Grass (C gayana Kunth) accessions. Journal of Field Crop Research. 2010;18(1):57-72.

Ullah MA, Razzaq A, Saleem, R. Performance of various forage grasses under spring and monsoon seasons at Pothowar Plateau. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology. 2006;8(3):398-401.

MoA (Ministry of Agriculture). Crop Variety Register Issue No. 16. Plant Variety Release, Protection and Seed Quality Control Directorate. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 2013.

HARC (Holeta Agricultural Research Center). Feed Resources Development and Utilization; Possible Options and Recommendations under Ethiopia Condition; 2004.

Valenzucla H. Smith J. Rhodes grass, sustainable Agriculture, cover crops/SA-CC-3. Cooperative Extension Service, Collage of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources. University of Hawaii at Manoa website; 2002. Available:www.ctahr.hawaii.ed

Suttie JM. Hay and straw conservation: For small-scale farming and pastoral conditions, FAO Plant Production and Protection Series 29. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome; 2000.

Kobayashi H, Masaoka Y. Salt secretion in Rhodes grass (C gayana Kunth) under conditions of excess magnesium. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. 2008;54:393–399.

FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization). Grassland Index. A searchable catalogue of grass and forage legumes. FAO, Rome, Italy; 2014.

Cook BG, Pengelly BC, Brown SD, Donnelly JL, Eagles DA, Franco MA, Hanson J, Mullen, BF, Partridge IJ, Peters M, Schultze-Kraft R. Tropical forages. CSIRO, DPI&F (Qld), CIAT and ILRI, Brisbane, Australia; 2005.

Qamar IA, G Akbar, M Asif. Performance of summer grasses in arid rangelands of Dhabiji (Sindh). Sci. Technol. Develop. 2000;19:45–7.

Gezahagn Kebede, Fekede Feyissa, Getnet Assefa, Mengistu Alemayehu, Alemayehu Mengistu, Aemiro Kehaliew, Kassahun Melese, Solomon Mengistu, Estifanos Tadesse, Shewangizaw Wolde, Mergia Abera. Evaluation of Napier Grass (Pennisetum purpureum L.) Schumach) Accessions for Agronomic Traits Under Different Environmental Conditions of Ethiopia. International Journal of Advanced Research. 2016;4(4):1029-1035.

Dixon AGO, EN Nukenine. Statistical analysis of cassava yield trials with the additive main effects and multiplicative interaction (AMMI) model. Afr. J. Root Tuber Crops. 1997;3: 46-50.

Gemechu Keneni. Genetic potential and limitations of Ethiopian chickpea (Cicera rietinumal) germplasm for improving attributes of symbiotic nitrogen fixation, phosphorus uptake and use efficiency, and adzuki bean beetle (Callos obruchuschinensis L.) resistance. PhD. Thesis. Addis Ababa University faculty of life science, Ethiopia; 2012.

Ceccarelli S. Adaptation to low/high input cultivation. Adaptation in plant breeding. (Tiger stedt, P.M.A., ed), Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands. 1997;225-236.

Getnet Assefa, Tekleyohanes Berhanu, Lemma Gizachew, Mesfin Dejene, Diriba Gelleti. Major herbaceous forage legumes: Some achievements in species and varietal evaluation in Ethiopia. In: Kemal Ali, Seid Ahmed, B. Surendra, Gemechu Kenneni, M. Rajendra and M. Khaled. (eds.). Food and forage legumes of Ethiopia: Progress and prospects. Proceedings of the work shop on food and forage legumes 22-26 September 2003. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Gezahagn Kebede, Getnet Assefa, Alemayehu Mengistu, Hussein Mohammed. Evaluation of Vetch species and their accessions for agronomic performance and nutritive value in the central highlands of Ethiopia. Ethiop. J. Agric. Sci. 2013;24:99-121.

Butt MN, Donart GB, Southward MG, Pieper RD, Mohammad N. Effect of defoliation on plant growth of Napier grass. Trop. Sci. 1993;33:111-120.

Smart AJ, Schacht WH, Moser LE, Volesky JD. Prediction of leaf/stem ratio using near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS): A Technical Note. In: Agronomy & Horticulture Faculty Publications. 2004;39. Available:http://goo.gl/ QFvzF9.

Tudsri S, Jorgensen ST, Riddach P, Pookpakdi A. Effect of cutting height and dry season date on yield and quality of five Napier grass cultivars in Thailand. Trop. Grassl. 2002;36:248-252.

Muluneh Minta. Effect of Rhizobium inoculation on Nodulation, Nitrogen fixation and yield of some annual forage legumes (Vicia spp.) on Nitisol and vertisol of the central highlands of Ethiopia. M.Sc. Thesis. Alemaya University of Agriculture, Ethiopia; 2006.

Chia AJ. Forage production of triticale relative to other spring grains. Agron. J. 1983;75:610-613.

Getnet Assefa, I. Ledin. Effect of variety, soil type and fertilizer on the establishment, growth, forage yield and voluntary intake by cattle of oats and vetches cultivated in pure and stands and mixtures. Animal Feed Science and Technology. 2001;92:95-111.