USE OF ALKYL POLYGLYCOSIDES IN THE REMEDIATION OF HEAVY METALS FROM HYDROCARBON CONTAMINATED SOILS

Main Article Content

C. E. EZEKIEL
LEO C. OSUJI
M. C. ONOJAKE

Abstract

Heavy metal contamination of soil is a global issue because of the accumulation of these compounds in the environment, endangering human health, plants, and animals. This research investigated surfactant enhanced remediation of heavy metals such as of Fe, Zn, Pb, Ni, Cr, and Cu in hydrocarbon contaminated soil samples from Eneka, Ozuoba and Rukpokwu. The soil samples were contaminated with medium and light crude oil, and the concentrations of heavy metals were analysed with Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy. Results obtained from the medium crude contaminated soil samples before remediation showed: Cu: 5.82mg/kg, Fe:11897.00 mgkg-1, Zn :129.00 mgkg-1, Pb: 6.80 mgkg-1, Ni:11.60 mgkg-1, Cr: 20.70 mgkg-1 for soil samples from Eneka. The metal concentrations were reduced to 3.80 mgkg-1, 2013.00 mgkg-1, 29.40 mgkg-1, < 0.012 mgkg-1, <0.008 mgkg-1, and <0.005 mgkg-1 respectively after remediation. The results of the soil samples from Ozuoba were: Cu: 3.04 mgkg-1, Fe: 7197.00 mgkg-1, Zn: 51.80 mgkg-1, Pb: 3.10 mgkg-1, Ni: 11.90 mgkg-1, Cr: 37.90 mgkg-1 before remediation. The concentrations of the metals were reduced to 1.27 mgkg-1, 2017.00 mgkg-1, 19.40 mgkg-1, 0.012 mgkg-1, <0.008 mgkg-1 and < 0.005 mgkg-1 respectively after remediation. The results of soil samples from Rukpokwu were: Cu: 3.56 mgkg-1, Fe: 4188.00 mgkg-1, Zn: 111.00 mgkg-1, Pb: 1.04 mgkg-1, Ni: 9.50 mgkg-1, Cr: 34.50 mgkg-1 before remediation. The concentrations of the heavy metals were reduced to 1.57 mgkg-1, 2034.00 mgkg-1, 16.00 mgkg-1, <0.012 mgkg-1, <0.008 mgkg-1 and <0.005 mgkg-1 respectively after remediation. The soil samples contaminated with light crude showed the following results before remediation; Cu: 5.04 mgkg-1, Fe: 10495.00 mgkg-1, Zn: 97.50 mgkg-1, Pb: 4.70 mgkg-1, Ni: 8.44 mgkg-1, Cr: 19.00 mgkg-1 for Eneka:. The concentrations of the metals were reduced to 2.86 mgkg-1, 2080.00 mgkg-1, 27.20 mgkg-1, <0.012 mgkg-1, <0.008 mgkg-1 and <0.005 mgkg-1 after remediation. The results of soil samples from Ozuoba are as follows: Cu:1.13 mgkg-1, Fe: 5504.00 mgkg-1, Zn:43.00 mgkg-1, Pb: 2.70 mgkg-1, Ni: 12.10 mgkg-1, Cr: 17.20 mgkg-1 before remediation. The concentrations were reduced to 0.21 mgkg-1, 1909.00 mgkg-1, 12.20 mgkg-1, <0.012 mgkg-1, <0.008 mgkg-1 and <0.005 mgkg-1 after remediation. The soil samples from Rukpokwu showed the following results before remediation: Cu: 2.43 mgkg-1, Fe: 4572.00 mgkg-1, Zn: 65.30 mgkg-1, Pb: 0.86 mgkg-1, Ni 13.70 mgkg-1, Cr: 20.70 mgkg-1. These concentrations were reduced to 0.26 mgkg-1, 1841.00 mgkg-1, 15.30 mgkg-1, <0.012 mgkg-1, <0.008 mgkg-1, and <0.005 mgkg-1 after remediation. The results of this study showed that the concentrations of Pb, Ni, and Cr were removed to below the detection limit of the equipment. Fe and Zn showed a very high degree of success, achieving a 60% to 83% reduction in all soil. The removal of Cu from the Eneka sample showed the least removal tendency of 33.51% in medium crude contaminated soil and 43.25% in light crude contaminated soil. The use of alkyl polyglucoside surfactant enhanced the solubilisation and surfactant-metal complexation, resulting in the removal of these heavy metals from hydrocarbon contaminated soils.

Keywords:
Remediation, heavy metals, contaminated, surfactant, alkyl polyglucoside, solubilization, bioavailability

Article Details

How to Cite
EZEKIEL, C. E., OSUJI, L. C., & ONOJAKE, M. C. (2021). USE OF ALKYL POLYGLYCOSIDES IN THE REMEDIATION OF HEAVY METALS FROM HYDROCARBON CONTAMINATED SOILS. Journal of Global Ecology and Environment, 13(4), 23-34. Retrieved from https://www.ikprress.org/index.php/JOGEE/article/view/7150
Section
Original Research Article

References

Raffa CM, Chiampo F, Shanthakumar S. Remediation of Metal/Metalloid-Polluted Soils: A Short Review. Applied Sciences. 2021;11(9):4134.

Onojake M, Ogbole S, Osakwe J, Iwuoha G. Use of pulverized oyster and snail shells in the removal of heavy metals from hydrocarbon contaminated soils. Journal of Global Ecology and Environment. 2021;35-43.

Kabata-Pendias A, Pendias H. Trace elements in soils and plants CRC Press Inc. Boca Raton, FL, USA; 2001.

D'amore JJ, Al‐Abed SR, Scheckel KG, Ryan JA. Methods for speciation of metals in soils: a review. Journal of Environmental Quality. 2005;34(5):1707-1745.

Wuana RA, Okieimen FE. Heavy metals in contaminated soils: a review of sources, chemistry, risks and best available strategies for remediation. International Scholarly Research Notices; 2011.

Stigter JB, De Haan HPM, Guicherit R, Dekkers CPA, Daane ML. Determination of cadmium, zinc, copper, chromium and arsenic in crude oil cargoes. Environmental Pollution. 2000;107(3):451-464.

Neilson JW, Artiola JF, Maier RM. Characterization of Lead Removal from Contaminated Soils by Nontoxic Soil‐Washing Agents. Journal of Environmental Quality. 2003;32(3):899-908.

Khalilova H, Mammadov V. Assessing the anthropogenic impact on heavy metal pollution of soils and sediments in urban areas of Azerbaijan’s oil industrial region. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies. 2016;25(1):159-166.

Sandrin TR, Maier RM. Impact of metals on the biodegradation of organic pollutants. Environmental Health Perspectives. 2003;111(8):1093-1101.

Panagos P, Van Liedekerke M, Yigini Y, Montanarella L. Contaminated sites in Europe: Review of the current situation based on data collected through a European network. Journal of Environmental and Public Health; 2013.

Freije AM. Heavy metal, trace element and petroleum hydrocarbon pollution in the Arabian Gulf. Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Basic and Applied Sciences. 2015;17:90-100.

Kuyukina M, Krivoruchko A, Ivshina I. Hydrocarbon-and metal-polluted soil bioremediation: progress and challenges. Microbiology Australia. 2018;39(3):133-136.

Evanko CR, Dzombak DA. Remediation of metals-contaminated soils and groundwater (TE-97-01). Ground-Water Remediation Technologies Analysis Center (GWRTAC), Pittsburgh; 1997.

ATSDR. Agency for Toxic Substance and Disease Registry, US Toxicological Profile for Cadmium; 2005.

Järup L. Hazards of heavy metal contamination. British Medical Bulletin. 2003;68(1):167-182.

Khalid S, Shahid M, Niazi NK, Murtaza B, Bibi I, Dumat C. A comparison of technologies for remediation of heavy metal contaminated soils. Journal of Geochemical Exploration. 2017;182:247-268.

Shiowatana J, McLaren RG, Chanmekha N, Samphao A. Fractionation of arsenic in soil by a continuous-flow sequential extraction method. Journal of Environmental Quality. 2001;30(6):1940-1949.

Buekers J. Fixation of cadmium, copper, nickel and zinc in soil: Kinetics, Mechanisms and its Effect on Metal Bioavailability; 2007.

Levy DB, Barbarick KA, Siemer EG, Sommers LE. Distribution and partitioning of trace metals in contaminated soils near Leadville, Colorado. American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America. 1992;21(2):185-195.

Shahid M, Dumat C, Aslam M, Pinelli E. Assessment of lead speciation by organic ligands using speciation models. Chemical Speciation & Bioavailability. 2012;24(4):248-252.

Minnikova TV, Denisova TV, Mandzhieva SS, Kolesnikov SI, Minkina TM, Chaplygin VA, Bauer TV. Assessing the effect of heavy metals from the Novocherkassk power station emissions on the biological activity of soils in the adjacent areas. Journal of Geochemical Exploration. 2017;174:70-78.

Kirpichtchikova TA, Manceau A, Spadini L, Panfili F, Marcus MA, Jacquet T. Speciation and solubility of heavy metals in contaminated soil using X-ray microfluorescence, EXAFS spectroscopy, chemical extraction, and thermodynamic modeling. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 2006;70(9):2163-2190.

Domy CA. Trace Elements in Terrestrial Environments: Biogeochemistry. Bioavailability and Risks of Metals. 2nd ed., University of Georgia, USA. 2001;46.

Al-Saleh ES, Obuekwe C. Inhibition of hydrocarbon bioremediation by lead in a crude oil-contaminated soil. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation. 2005;56(1):1-7.

Dana LD, Bauder JW. A general essay on bioremediation of contaminated soil. Montana State University, Bozeman, Mont, USA; 2011.

Raffa CM, Chiampo F, Shanthakumar S. Remediation of Metal/Metalloid-Polluted Soils: A Short Review. Applied Sciences. 2021;11(9):4134.

Nejad ZD, Jung MC, Kim KH. Remediation of soils contaminated with heavy metals with an emphasis on immobilization technology. Environmental Geochemistry and Health. 2018;40(3):927-953.

Lee DH, Cody RD, Kim DJ, Choi S. Effect of soil texture on surfactant-based remediation of hydrophobic organic-contaminated soil. Environment International. 2002;27(8):681-688.

Miller RM. Biosurfactant-facilitated remediation of metal-contaminated soils. Environmental Health Perspectives. 1995;103(1):59-62.

Mulligan CN, Yong RN, Gibbs BF, James S, Bennett HPJ. Metal removal from contaminated soil and sediments by the biosurfactant surfactin. Environmental Science & Technology. 1999;33(21):3812-3820.

Torrens JL, Herman DC, Miller-Maier RM. Biosurfactant (rhamnolipid) sorption and the impact on rhamnolipid-facilitated removal of cadmium from various soils under saturated flow conditions. Environmental Science & Technology. 1998;32(6):776- 781.

Nadeem M, Shabbir M, Abdullah MA, Shah SS, McKay G. Sorption of cadmium from aqueous solution by surfactant-modified carbon adsorbents. Chemical Engineering Journal. 2009;148(2-3):365-370.

Evans LJ. Chemistry of metal retention by soils. Environmental Science & Technology. 1989;23(9):1046-1056.

Swarnkar V, Agrawal N, Tomar R. Sorption of chromate and arsenate by surfactant modified erionite (E-SMZ). Journal of Dispersion Science and Technology. 2012;33(6):919-927.

Slizovskiy IB, Kelsey JW, Hatzinger PB. Surfactant‐facilitated remediation of metal‐contaminated soils: Efficacy and toxicological consequences to earthworms. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 2011;30(1):112-123.

Mao X, Jiang R, Xiao W, Yu J. Use of surfactants for the remediation of contaminated soils: a review. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2015;285:419-435.

El‐Sukkary MMA, Syed NA, Aiad I, El‐Azab WI. Synthesis and characterization of some alkyl polyglycosides surfactants. Journal of Surfactants and Detergents. 2008;11(2):129-137.

Zou M, Chen J, Wang Y, Li M, Zhang C, Yang X. Alcoholysis of starch to produce alkyl polyglycosides with sub-critical isooctyl alcohol. Journal of Surfactants and Detergents. 2016;19(4):879-884.

Becher P. A Review of Surfactants and Interfacial Phenomena, MJ Rosen. Wiley-Interscience, New York. 1990,1989:431.

Basta NT, Tabatabai MA. Effect of cropping systems on adsorption of metals by soils: II. Effect of pH. Soil Science. 1992;153(3):195-204.

Farrah H, Pickering WF. pH effects in the adsorption of heavy metal ions by clays. Chemical Geology. 1979;25(4):317-326.

Rieuwerts JS, Thornton I, Farago ME, Ashmore MR. Factors influencing metal bioavailability in soils: Preliminary investigations for the development of a critical loads approach for metals. Chemical Speciation & Bioavailability. 1998;10(2):61-75.

Li Q, Huang Y, Wen D, Fu R, Feng L. Application of alkyl polyglycosides for enhanced bioremediation of petroleum hydrocarbon-contaminated soil using Sphingomonas changbaiensis and Pseudomonas stutzeri. Science of the Total Environment. 2020;719:137456.

Sui X, Wang X, Li Y, Ji H. Remediation of Petroleum-Contaminated Soils with Microbial and Microbial Combined Methods: Advances, Mechanisms, and Challenges. Sustainability. 2021;13(16):9267.

Nielsen M, Nielsen OK, Hoffmann L. Improved inventory for heavy metal emissions from stationary combustion plants and no.: Scientific Report from DCE–Danish Centre for Environment and Energy. 2013;(68).

Qian JIN, Shan XQ, Wang ZJ, Tu Q. Distribution and plant availability of heavy metals in different particle-size fractions of soil. Science of the Total Environment. 1996;187(2):131-141.