Main Article Content



The discharge of hexavalent chromium, Cr (VI), in the environment as a consequence of industrial activities, is threatening the human health and the ecosystem. Removing Cr (VI) by biosorption using fungal biomass is a promising and cost effective technique. In the present study, the potential of Aspergillus terricola as a biosorbent for removing Cr (VI) from aqueous solution was studied. The growth of Aspergillus terricola was stimulated by addition of 1.5 mg/l Cr (VI) and the MIC was found to be 9 mg/l in liquid medium. Also, the highest growth of tested organism in the presence of 1.5 mg/l Cr (VI) in the growth medium was at pH 3 after 6 days. Optimization of biosorption process parameters using Aspergillus terricola biomass in aqueous solution exhibited that increasing the Cr (VI) concentration decreases the removing efficiency. Removing 100% of 20 mg/l Cr (VI) was obtained after 4 days contact time. In addition, the maximum Cr (VI) removal was obtained at pH 3. Furthermore, increasing the mycelium concentration leads to gradual increase in removing percentage of Cr (VI). In conclusion, Aspergillus terricola was an efficient candidate for biosorption of hexavalent chromium and could be used in its bioremediation from wastewater.

Chromium bioremediation, Aspergillus terricola, biosorption

Article Details

How to Cite
MOHAMED, L. A., & EL-BENDARY, M. A. (2021). HEXAVALENT CHROMIUM REMOVAL BY FUNGAL ADSORBENT, Aspergillus terricola. Journal of Global Ecology and Environment, 13(2), 49-57. Retrieved from https://www.ikprress.org/index.php/JOGEE/article/view/7091
Original Research Article


Jobby R, Jha P, Yadav AK, Desai N. Biosorption and biotransformation of hexavalent chromium [Cr (VI)]: A comprehensive review. Chemosphere. 2018; 207:255-266.

Tang X, Huang Y, Li Y, Wang L, Pei X, Zhou D, He P, Hughes SS. Study on detoxification and removal mechanisms of hexavalent chromium by microorganisms. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Safety. 2021;208:111699. DOI.ORG/10.1016/J.ECOENV.2020.111699

Elahi A, Rehman A. Oxidative stress, chromium-resistance and uptake by fungi: Isolation from industrial wastewater. Braz. Arch. Biol. Technol. 2017;60:e17160394.

Holda A, Mlynarczykowska A. Use of dead and living fungal biomass for removal of hexavalent chromium. Physicochem. Probl. Miner. Process. 2016;52:551-563.

Chatterjeea S, Mahantyb S, Dasc P, Chaudhurib P, Dasa S. Biofabrication of iron oxide nanoparticles using manglicolous fungus Aspergillus niger BSC-1 and removal of Cr (VI) from aqueous solution. Chem. Eng. J. 2020;385:123790.

Adeniran O, Shugaba A. Bioremediation of hexavalent chromium in potassium dichromate solution by Botrytis acladafres and Chrysonilia sitophila. Int. J. Biotechnol. Wellness Industries. 2016;5:32-38.

BenilaSmily JRM, Sumithra PA. Optimization of chromium biosorption by fungal adsorbent, Trichoderma sp. BSCR02 and its desorption studies. HAYATI J Biosciences. 2017;24:65-71. DOI.ORG/10.1016/J.HJB.2017.08.005

Ren B, Zhao L, Wang Y, Song X, Jin Y, Ouyang F, Cui C, Zhang H. Freezing/thawing pretreatment of dormant Aspergillus niger spores to increase the Cr (VI) adsorption capacity: process and mechanism. RSC Adv. 2021;11:7704-7712. DOI: 10.1039/D0RA10198B.

Singh AL. Removal of chromium from waste water with the help of microbes: A review. E-JST; 2008.

Long B, Ye B, Liu Q, Zhang S, Ye J, Zou L, Shi J. Characterization of Penicillium oxalicum SL2 isolated from indoor air and its application to the removal of hexavalent chromium. PLOS ONE; 2018. DOI.ORG/10.1371/JOURNAL.PONE.0191484

Sugasini A, Rajagopal K. Hexavalent chromium removal from aqueous solution using Trichoderma viride. Int. J. Pharma. Biosci. 2015;6:485-495 (B).

Sardrood BP, Goltapeh EM, Varma A. An introduction to bioremediation. In: Goltapeh, E., Danesh, Y., Varma, A. (eds) Fungi as bioremediators. Soil Biology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. 2013;32. Available:https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-33811-3_1

Garcia-Hernandez MA, Villarreal-Chiu JF, Garza-Gonzalez MT. Metallophilic fungi research: an alternative for its use in the bioremediation of hexavalent chromium. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2017;14:2023-2038. DOI: 10.1007/s13762-017-1348-5.

Vendruscolo F, Ferreira G.L. da-R., Filho NRA. Biosorption of hexavalent chromium by microorganisms. Int. Biodeterioration and Biodegradation. 2017;119:87-95.

Bibi S, Hussain A, Hamayun M, Rahman H, Iqbal A, Shah M, Irshad M, Qasim M, Islam B. Bioremediation of hexavalent chromium by endophytic fungi; safe and improved production of Lactuca sativa L. Chemosphere. 2018;211:653–663.

Das S, Santra SC. Bio-detoxification of chromium from industrial wastewater by fungal strains. Biologija. 2012;58:1–6.

Long DY, Tang XJ, Cai K, Chen GC, Shen CF, Shi JY, Chen L, Chen Y. Cr (VI) resistance and removal by indigenous bacteria isolated from chromium-contaminated soil. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 2013;23:1123–32. Available:https://doi.org/10.4014/jmb.1301.01004 PMID: 23727810.

Xu H, Hao RX, Xu XY, Ding Y, Lu AH, Li YH. Removal of hexavalent chromium by Aspergillus niger through reduction and accumulation. Geomicrobiology J. 2020;38: 20-28. DOI: 10.1080/01490451.2020.1807659.

Santhi R, Guru V. Biosorption of hexavalent chromium using Aspergillus niger dead biomass and its optimization studies. Int. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 2014;3:669-678.

Shivastava S, Gupta M. Biosorption of chromium by fungal strains isolated from polluted soil. Int. J. Recent Trends Sci. Technol., ACAEE. 2018;289-292.

Tatah S, Ogodo AC, Kaa LC, Agwaranze DI. The potencial use of Alternaria alternate in bioremediation of wastewater contaminated by hexavalent chromium ion. FUW Trends Sci. Technol. J. 2016;1:115-118.

Khurshid S, Shoaib A, Javaid A, Abid K. Bioaccumulation of chromium by Fusarium oxysporum. Science Asia. 2016;42:92-98. DOI:10.2306/scienceasia1513-1874.2016.42.092

Mohsenzadeh F, Shahrokhi F. Biological removing of cadmium from contaminated media by fungal biomass of Trichoderma species. J. Environ. Health Sci. Eng. 2014;12: 102. DOI: 10.1186/2052-336X-12-102.

Ayele A, Haile S, Alemu D, Kamaraj M. Comparative utilization of dead and live fungal biomass for the removal of heavy metal: A Concise Review. The scientific World J; 2021. (Article ID 5588111). DOI.org/10.1155/2021/5588111.

Pourkarim S, Ostovar F, Mahdavianpour M, Moslemzadeh M. Adsorption of chromium (VI) from aqueous solution by Artist’s Bracket fungi. Separation Sci. Technol. 2017;52:1733-1741. DOI.ORG/10.1080/01496395.2017.1299179

Marandi R. Biosorption of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solution by dead fungal biomass of Phanerochaetecrys osporium: batch and fixed bed studies. Can. J. Chem. Eng. Biotechnol. 2011;2:8-22.

Kumar R, Bishnoi NR, Garima, Bishnoi K. Biosorption of chromium (VI) from aqueous solution and electroplating wastewater using fungal biomass. Chem. Eng. J. 2008;135:202-208.

Sivakumar D. Biosorption of hexavalent chromium in a tannery industry wastewater using fungi species. Glob. J. Environ. Sci. Manag. 2016;2:105–124.

Khambhaty Y, Mody K, Basha S, Jha B. Kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamic studies on biosorption of hexavalent chromium by dead fungal biomass of marine Aspergillus niger. Chem. Eng. J. 2009;145:489–495.

Sen M, Dastidar MG. Biosorption of Cr (VI) by resting cells of Fusarium solani. Iran. J. Environ. Health. Sci. Eng. 2011;8:153-158.