GLASS CEILING HINDRANCE AMONG ACADEMIC AND NON-ACADEMIC FEMALE EMPLOYEES IN UNIVERSITY ORGANISATION, NIGERIA

Main Article Content

DAMILOLA JOHN MICAH

Abstract

This study was conducted among 212 respondents to explore pattern of glass ceiling among female professionals in Federal University of Technology Akure (FUTA) and Adekunle Ajasin University Akungba (AAUA), Nigeria. Female employees in full-time employment participated in the study. Proportionately, 98 and 114 sample size in AAUA and FUTA respectively participated; quantitative data collection and analysis were applied. Sixty-five percent and 57.5% among academics and non academics respectively in AAUA agreed university occupation is male dominated; 73.9% and 73.7% among academics and non academics respectively in FUTA agreed with above statement. In AAUA, 13.8% academics and 22.5% non academics were appointed in strategic positions despite serving university labour force more than 15 years. In FUTA, 11.1% and 0.7% respectively were appointed in status positions. Respondents (53.4%) and 57.5% respectively in AAUA labeled male structure of university personnel as barrier to fair competition. Fifty-seven percent and 53.6% respectively in FUTA identified barriers to female personnel growth. Span of duty (22.6%); sexual demands (8.5%); work load (39.2%); and lack of male support (8.0%) hindered capacity of female employees in the universities to compete adequately. These barriers were identified among academics and non academics in both universities. Sixty-seven percent and 37.5% respectively in AAUA faulted promotion criteria which retarded female growth. Forty-four percent and 37.7% respectively in FUTA faulted similar pattern. Female employees in teaching and non teaching profession in the study organization were hindered by challenges woven round structure of male dominated occupation, the buffer-zone difficult to climb. Deconstruction of work-patriarchy woven round university occupation in AAUA and FUTA is essential. 

Keywords:
Female professionals, male dominated occupation, patriarchy, self actualisation, university organization

Article Details

How to Cite
MICAH, D. J. (2021). GLASS CEILING HINDRANCE AMONG ACADEMIC AND NON-ACADEMIC FEMALE EMPLOYEES IN UNIVERSITY ORGANISATION, NIGERIA. Journal of Global Economics, Management and Business Research, 13(3), 33-44. Retrieved from https://www.ikprress.org/index.php/JGEMBR/article/view/6914
Section
Original Research Article

References

Giddens A. Sociology: African Reprint (9th edition), P.W. Sutton (ed.). New York: Macmillan; 2019.

Haralambos, & Holborn; 2016.

Adeniji AA, Osinbanjo AO. Human resources management: Theory and practice. Lagos: Pumark. 2012;234-292.

Ritzer G. Sociological theory (9th edition). New York, United States: McGraw Hill; 2016.

Kolade OJ, Kehinde O. Glass ceiling and women career advancement: Evidence from Nigerian construction industry. Iranian Journal of Management Studies. 2013;6(6):77-97.

Ogbogu, C.O. An analysis of female productivity in Nigerian universities. Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management. 2010;31(1):17-22.

Federal Ministry of Labour and Productivity. Labour law. Abuja: Federal Government of Nigeria; 2015.

International Labour Organisation. Labour Law. Geneva; 2015.

Available:www.ilo.org.gov

Yonlonfun, V.B. A comparative analysis of the performance of male/female personnel in management positions in Nigerian public universities. Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Ibadan, Nigeria; 2014.

Alo MS. Women participation in labour force and pattern of occupational discrimination among university female employees in Ondo state. Unpublished M. Sc, Dissertation in Department of Sociology, Adekunle Ajasin University Akungba-Akoko, Nigeria; 2019.

Soni P. Women in the Nigerian university system: The Leadership Quarterly. 2018; 22(1):32-66.

Powney J. Trends in gender and attainment in Scotland. Journal of Applied Psychology. 2017;76:698-707.

Available:www.scotlandschoolof management.gov

Micah DJ. Pattern of occupational discrimination among university female employees in Ondo state. Nigeria Journal of Labour and Development Studies. 2019;3(1).

Available:www.nild.edu.gov

Balogun; 2010.

Owuamanam TO. The women academic and her home. Paper presented at a seminar organized by National association of Women in Academics (NAWACS), Ekiti state university, Nigeria; 2019.

Sabharwal M. From glass ceiling to glass cliff: Women in senior executive service. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory; 2013.

Ogbogu C.O. Gender factors affecting female labour input in the Nigerian University system. Academic Journal Article of Gender and Behavior. 2019;8(1).