Main Article Content



Construction is defined as a major industry that exploits natural resources globally. A construction delay can be defined as an extended construction duration, beyond the expected completion time. Various literatures proved that delays are a major and most common risk faced by the construction industry throughout the year. Hence, the objectives of this study are to identify the major causes of construction delays in Saudi Arabian projects, to determine the effects of construction delays in Saudi Arabia and to propose workable preventive solutions to eliminate or minimize the project delays. A questionnaire analysis was conducted to identify the causes and effects of delays in KSA’s construction industry. From the analysis, a lack of manpower skill (mean score 4.51 out of 5), manpower shortage (mean score 4.33 out of 5), delays in material delivery (mean score 4.13 out of 5), material shortage (mean score 4.13 out of 5) and poor project planning and coordination was identified as top 5 most occurring causes of delays, which resulted from contractor related causes of delays. Fifteen effects of construction delays were identified from the literature and distributed to respondents in questionnaire. From the research analysis, deterioration of company image (mean score 4.27 out of 5), bankruptcy (mean score 4.16 out of 5), stress for contractors (mean score 3.56 out of 5), total abandonment (mean score 3.53 out of 5) and acceleration of losses (mean score 3.02 out of 5) ranked as top 5 effects of construction delays.

Civil engineering, industry, construction, building projects, construction delay, causes and effect

Article Details

How to Cite
ALSHAKHRIT, A. K. S., SUPENI, E. E., & ZAHARI, N. I. (2019). CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF DELAYS IN SAUDI ARABIAN CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. Journal of Global Economics, Management and Business Research, 11(4), 165-174. Retrieved from
Original Research Article


Aziz RF, Abdel-Hakam AA. Exploring delay causes of road construction projects in Egypt. Alexandria Engineering Journal. 2016; 55(2):1515-1539.

Larsen JK, Shen GQ, Lindhard SM, Brunoe TD. Factors affecting schedule delay, cost overrun, and quality level in public construction projects. Journal of Management in Engineering. 2015;32(1): 04015032.

Kapelko M, Horta IM, Camanho AS, Lansink AO. Measurement of input-specific productivity growth with an application to the construction industry in Spain and Portugal. International Journal of Production Economics. 2015;166:64-71.

Alinaitwe H, Apolot R, Tindiwensi D. Investigation into the causes of delays and cost overruns in Uganda's public sector construction projects. Journal of Construction in Developing Countries. 2013;18 (2):33.

El-Sayegh SM, Mansour MH. Risk assessment and allocation in highway construction projects in the UAE. Journal of Management in Engineering. 2015;31(6): 04015004.

Hisham NAH, Yahya K. Causes and effects of delays in construction industry, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia; 2016.

Ahmed T. Delay in construction project. Delay in construction project; 2015.

Lundin RA, Tryggestad K, Amoatey CT, Ameyaw YA, Adaku E, Famiyeh S. Analysing delay causes and effects in Ghanaian state housing construction projects. International Journal of Managing Projects in Business; 2015.

Marzouk MM, El-Rasas TI. Analyzing delay causes in Egyptian construction projects. Journal of Advanced Research. 2014;5(1):49-55.

Rosazuwad M. The factors and effect of delay in government construction project (Case study in Kuantan)(Doctoral dissertation, Universiti Malaysia Pahang); 2010.

Dinakar A. Delay analysis in construction project. International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering. 2014;4(5):784-788.

Rahman IA, Memon AH, Karim ATA. Significant factors causing cost overruns in large construction projects in Malaysia. Journal of Applied Sciences. 2013; 13(2):286-293.

Amoatey CT, Ameyaw YA, Adaku E, Famiyeh S. Analysing delay causes and effects in Ghanaian state housing construction projects. International Journal of Managing Projects in Business. 2015;8(1);198-214.

Rodrigo MNN, Perera BAKS. Management of nominated subcontractors in the construction of commercial buildings in Sri Lanka. Bhumi, The Planning Research Journal. 2017; 5(2).

Chen L. An integrated construction schedule risk analysis approach for infrastructure projects under uncertainty. HKU Theses Online (HKUTO); 2019.

Shahhossein V, Afshar MR, Amiri O. The root causes of construction project failure. Scientia Iranica. 2018;25(1):93-108.

Liu J, Lu M. Constraint programming approach to optimizing project schedules under material logistics and crew availability constraints. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. 2018;144(7): 04018049.

Maemura Y, Kim E, Ozawa K. Root causes of recurring contractual conflicts in international construction projects: Five case studies from Vietnam. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. 2018; 144(8): 05018008.

Blaszczyk P, Blaszczyk T. Assessment of the risk of the project's contractor bankruptcy using the Partial Least Squares approach. Procedia Technology. 2013;9:777-786.

Panova Y, Hilletofth P. Managing supply chain risks and delays in construction project. Industrial Management & Data Systems. 2018;118(7):1413-1431.

Malik MZ, Banerjee R, Ahmad SA. A review paper on implementation of Total Quality Management (TQM) in Construction Industry; 2018.

Pournader M, Tabassi AA, Baloh P. A three-step design science approach to develop a novel human resource-planning framework in projects: The cases of construction projects in USA, Europe and Iran. International Journal of Project Management. 2015;33(2);419-434.

Fang D, Wu C, Wu H. Impact of the supervisor on worker safety behavior in construction projects. Journal of Management in Engineering. 2015;31(6):04015001.

Somiah MK, Osei-Poku G, Aidoo I. Relative importance analysis of factors influencing unauthorized siting of residential buildings in the Sekondi-Takoradi metropolis of Ghana. Journal of Building Construction and Planning Research. 2015;3(03):117.

Qazi A, Quigley J, Dickson A, Kirytopoulos K. Project complexity and risk management (Pro CRiM): Towards modelling project complexity driven risk paths in construction projects. International Journal of Project Management. 2016;34(7):1183-1198.

Rostami A, Sommerville J, Wong IL, Lee C. Risk management implementation in small and medium enterprises in the UK construction industry. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management. 2015;22(1):91-107.

Detsimas N, Coffey V, Sadiqi Z, Li M. Workplace training and generic and technical skill development in the Australian construction industry. Journal of Management Development. 206;35(4);486-504.

Enshassi A, Falouji I, AlKilani S, Sundermeieri M. Knowledge management critical success factors in construction projects. Knowledge Management Critical Success Factors in Construction Projects. 2016; 7(1).

Faghihi V, Nejat A, Reinschmidt KF, Kang JH. Automation in construction scheduling: A review of the literature. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology. 2015;81(9-12):1845-1856.

Kuenzel R, Teizer J, Mueller M, Blickle A. Smart Site: Intelligent and autonomous environments, machinery and processes to realize smart road construction projects. Automation in Construction. 2016; 71:21-33.