Original Research Article

ONGOING POLICY REFORM IN THAILAND’S INITIAL TEACHER EDUCATION CURRICULUM: INCOMPLETE POLICY BORROW

CHRIS ATKIN

Asian Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Studies, Volume 3, Issue 2, Page 19-27

This article reports on a review of Initial Teacher Education in Thailand’s Rajabhat universities conducted in 2016/17 and the subsequent national initial teacher education curriculum reform drawing on the review’s findings and recommendations. The research was conducted in three interconnected phases.  The first included a review of secondary data made available by the sample Rajabhat universities (n=5) and the Thai Ministry of Education. Phase two included a period of fieldwork in Thailand during which the research team collected data from officers of the Ministry of Education (n=6), university senior managers (n=38), initial teacher education course leaders and academic staff (n=54) and student teachers’ (n~125). During the final phase of the research the research team liaised with a series of Thai stakeholders (e.g. the Teachers’ Council of Thailand) to confirm maters of accuracy and disentangle local custom and practice from national policy. A key recommendation of the research was to consider reducing the length of the undergraduate route into teaching and ensure trainee teachers spent time in school in each on the four years of their course. Since the report policy changes have been implemented across Thailand’s initial teacher education landscape including the recommended reduction in initial teacher education course length from five to four years in March 2019.

Original Research Article

ROLE OF MICROFINANCE LOAN OFFICERS IN DEVELOPING ENTREPRENEURS: A CASE STUDY FROM SRI LANKA

L. A. PAVITHRA MADHUWANTHI

Asian Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Studies, Volume 3, Issue 2, Page 28-34

Though the studies primarily researched the role of microfinance institutes in developing entrepreneurs, the actual “link pins” between the institute and the entrepreneurs are Microfinance Loan Officers (MLOs). Though its conventional role is assigned on them to collect the debt, today MLOs are playing multiple roles in developing entrepreneurs. However, their role has not been sufficiently researched in the microfinance literature, leaving a gap to be addressed. Hence this paper explores the role of microfinance loan officers in developing entrepreneurs in Sri Lanka. This is a qualitative study by using primary data collected from entrepreneurs who are the clients of a large MFI in Sri Lanka in terms of the portfolio and the client base. Data were collected through three focus group discussions with entrepreneurs. Each focus group consisted of 5 entrepreneurs representing the selected MFI. Thus, the sample size is 15 entrepreneurs from the chosen MFI and the unit of analysis is microfinance loan officers. The study found that, MLOs are playing a key, yet multiple roles in developing entrepreneurs at the different stages of entrepreneurial development process: MLOs carry out initial surveying of the clients on the site itself, assessing the creditworthiness before disbursing the loans, providing credit advice, facilitating training for the entrepreneurs and arranging of flexible approach for entrepreneurs under the critical circumstances. Based on those findings the study made recommendations.

Original Research Article

THE DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE OF THE RESIDENTS OF THE PARTNER COMMUNITY OF ST. PAUL COLLEGE OF BOCAUE: A BASIS FOR COMMUNITY ACTION PROGRAM

JHOSELLE TUS

Asian Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Studies, Volume 3, Issue 2, Page 35-44

Poverty is a situation or circumstance in which an individual or society lacks the financial services and necessities for a minimum standard of life. Poverty implies that the income standard from work is so low that essential human requirements can't be fulfilled. Poverty-stricken individuals and families might go without adequate shelter, safe water, nutritious food, and medical care. This study aims to assess the factors that might contribute to the quality of life of the respondents. Thus, its' purpose was to describe the demographic profile of the residents of the partner community of St. Paul College of Bocaue. The respondents of the study were the community in a slum area in Bulacan, Philippines. The descriptive research method was utilized to describe the respondents' gender, age of parents, marital status, number and age of siblings, educational attainment, job classifications, employment status, religion and Catholic faith manifestation. A total of fifty-five (55) families of the partner community participated in this study. Based on the survey, the following are the study's significant findings: Most of them are engaging in a lived-in relationship that results in teenage pregnancy. Thus, most of the respondents have low educational attainment and unemployed.

 

Short Research Articles

IMPLEMENTATION OF MARITIME LAWS IN PREVENTION OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING BY SEA IN BANGLADESH PERSPECTIVE

MD. MOHSHIN RAJA

Asian Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Studies, Volume 3, Issue 2, Page 10-18

Human trafficking by the organized traffickers is an age old crime. Beside the traditional land routes, using sea routes for human trafficking has been increased in recent years. There are several laws in Bangladesh for preventing human trafficking which are otherwise effective, but not adequate to prevent human trafficking, specially by sea. Maritime laws of Bangladesh consist many relevant provisions which seems to be appropriate for implementing in preventing the human trafficking by sea. Thus, the objective of this article is to analyse the implementation of the maritime laws of Bangladesh in preventing human trafficking by sea. The study starts with an appraisal on human trafficking and the legal framework in global, regional and national perspective.  The study analyses of existing laws against human trafficking in Bangladesh scenario. It concludes with finding out the scope of implementation of maritime laws of Bangladesh in preventing the human trafficking by sea along with specific recommendations in the field.

Case Reports / Case Studies

THE REVIEW OF THE ROHINGYA CRISIS AND OF THE LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK CONCERNING THEIR RIGHTS: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF BANGLADESH PERSPECTIVE

MD. SHAHIDUL ISLAM

Asian Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Studies, Volume 3, Issue 2, Page 1-9

The Rohingya crisis could be a combative matter that has overwrought Myanmar- Bangladesh relations since the late Nineteen Seventies. The Rohingya crisis restarted from the military junta’s widespread violations of human rights in Asian countries against the Rohingya Muslims in Rakhine. Rendered homeless, the Rohingyas fled to Bangladesh et al. neighboring countries to require expatriate. Since the violence began on twenty-five August 2017, once Rohingya militants attacked thirty police and military Security posts in northern Rakhine, killing 12 security personnel. Rohingyas United Nations agency has fled Asian country since then say, the military responded with a brutal campaign, burning villages, and offensive civilian’s insight to drive them out. The Rohingya, a homeless principally Muslim minority in Buddhist majority Rakhine, have long intimate with abuse in Asian countries. Military Juntas of Asian countries claim that, they're illegitimate immigrants from Bangladesh. It is created by Burmese camp. It ought to be solved by the Asian country Government or Military Juntas. It’s not a crisis of the People's Republic of Bangladesh. However Bangladesh is seriously plagued by the Rohingya crisis. Now, Rohingya downside isn't solely Asian country – Bangladesh however it's conjointly a world downside. Within the meantime there are quite 10 animal product Rohingya migrants in Bangladesh. Although several Rohingyas conjointly migrated to Siam, Malaysia, India, and European countries.

Therefore, the most part is that the Asian country to resolve the matter however UN different organizations and other nations ought to be concerned within the answer of the Rohingya crisis. However sadly, years of negotiation have didn't resolve the Rohingya crisis.

This text emphasizes and recommends the necessity for intensive bilateral and tetramerous negotiations, a possibility that is probably going to be expedited by the method of group action in the Asian countries.